如何在Powershell中模拟Active Directory用户?

时间:2008-08-15 00:09:16

标签: c# asp.net powershell active-directory

我正在尝试通过Web界面(ASP.NET / C#)运行powershell命令,以便在Exchange 2007上创建邮箱/等。当我使用Visual Studio(Cassini)运行页面时,页面正确加载。但是,当我在IIS(v5.1)上运行它时,我收到错误“未知用户名或密码错误”。我注意到的最大问题是Powershell以ASPNET而不是我的Active Directory帐户登录。如何强制我的Powershell会话使用其他Active Directory帐户进行身份验证?

基本上,我到目前为止的脚本看起来像这样:

RunspaceConfiguration rc = RunspaceConfiguration.Create();
PSSnapInException snapEx = null;
rc.AddPSSnapIn("Microsoft.Exchange.Management.PowerShell.Admin", out snapEx);

Runspace runspace = RunspaceFactory.CreateRunspace(rc);
runspace.Open();

Pipeline pipeline = runspace.CreatePipeline();
using (pipeline)
{
   pipeline.Commands.AddScript("Get-Mailbox -identity 'user.name'");
   pipeline.Commands.Add("Out-String");

   Collection<PSObject> results = pipeline.Invoke();

   if (pipeline.Error != null && pipeline.Error.Count > 0)
   {
       foreach (object item in pipeline.Error.ReadToEnd())
          resultString += "Error: " + item.ToString() + "\n";
   }

   runspace.Close();

   foreach (PSObject obj in results)
      resultString += obj.ToString();
}

return resultString;

5 个答案:

答案 0 :(得分:7)

这是我用来冒充用户的类。

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;

namespace orr.Tools
{

    #region Using directives.
    using System.Security.Principal;
    using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
    using System.ComponentModel;
    #endregion

    /// <summary>
    /// Impersonation of a user. Allows to execute code under another
    /// user context.
    /// Please note that the account that instantiates the Impersonator class
    /// needs to have the 'Act as part of operating system' privilege set.
    /// </summary>
    /// <remarks>   
    /// This class is based on the information in the Microsoft knowledge base
    /// article http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q306158
    /// 
    /// Encapsulate an instance into a using-directive like e.g.:
    /// 
    ///     ...
    ///     using ( new Impersonator( "myUsername", "myDomainname", "myPassword" ) )
    ///     {
    ///         ...
    ///         [code that executes under the new context]
    ///         ...
    ///     }
    ///     ...
    /// 
    /// Please contact the author Uwe Keim (mailto:uwe.keim@zeta-software.de)
    /// for questions regarding this class.
    /// </remarks>
    public class Impersonator :
        IDisposable
    {
        #region Public methods.
        /// <summary>
        /// Constructor. Starts the impersonation with the given credentials.
        /// Please note that the account that instantiates the Impersonator class
        /// needs to have the 'Act as part of operating system' privilege set.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="userName">The name of the user to act as.</param>
        /// <param name="domainName">The domain name of the user to act as.</param>
        /// <param name="password">The password of the user to act as.</param>
        public Impersonator(
            string userName,
            string domainName,
            string password)
        {
            ImpersonateValidUser(userName, domainName, password);
        }

        // ------------------------------------------------------------------
        #endregion

        #region IDisposable member.

        public void Dispose()
        {
            UndoImpersonation();
        }

        // ------------------------------------------------------------------
        #endregion

        #region P/Invoke.

        [DllImport("advapi32.dll", SetLastError = true)]
        private static extern int LogonUser(
            string lpszUserName,
            string lpszDomain,
            string lpszPassword,
            int dwLogonType,
            int dwLogonProvider,
            ref IntPtr phToken);

        [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
        private static extern int DuplicateToken(
            IntPtr hToken,
            int impersonationLevel,
            ref IntPtr hNewToken);

        [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
        private static extern bool RevertToSelf();

        [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
        private static extern bool CloseHandle(
            IntPtr handle);

        private const int LOGON32_LOGON_INTERACTIVE = 2;
        private const int LOGON32_PROVIDER_DEFAULT = 0;

        // ------------------------------------------------------------------
        #endregion

        #region Private member.
        // ------------------------------------------------------------------

        /// <summary>
        /// Does the actual impersonation.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="userName">The name of the user to act as.</param>
        /// <param name="domainName">The domain name of the user to act as.</param>
        /// <param name="password">The password of the user to act as.</param>
        private void ImpersonateValidUser(
            string userName,
            string domain,
            string password)
        {
            WindowsIdentity tempWindowsIdentity = null;
            IntPtr token = IntPtr.Zero;
            IntPtr tokenDuplicate = IntPtr.Zero;

            try
            {
                if (RevertToSelf())
                {
                    if (LogonUser(
                        userName,
                        domain,
                        password,
                        LOGON32_LOGON_INTERACTIVE,
                        LOGON32_PROVIDER_DEFAULT,
                        ref token) != 0)
                    {
                        if (DuplicateToken(token, 2, ref tokenDuplicate) != 0)
                        {
                            tempWindowsIdentity = new WindowsIdentity(tokenDuplicate);
                            impersonationContext = tempWindowsIdentity.Impersonate();
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            throw new Win32Exception(Marshal.GetLastWin32Error());
                        }
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        throw new Win32Exception(Marshal.GetLastWin32Error());
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    throw new Win32Exception(Marshal.GetLastWin32Error());
                }
            }
            finally
            {
                if (token != IntPtr.Zero)
                {
                    CloseHandle(token);
                }
                if (tokenDuplicate != IntPtr.Zero)
                {
                    CloseHandle(tokenDuplicate);
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Reverts the impersonation.
        /// </summary>
        private void UndoImpersonation()
        {
            if (impersonationContext != null)
            {
                impersonationContext.Undo();
            }
        }

        private WindowsImpersonationContext impersonationContext = null;

        // ------------------------------------------------------------------
        #endregion
    }
}

答案 1 :(得分:2)

在ASP.NET应用中,您需要使用正确的权限模拟有效的AD帐户:

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/306158

答案 2 :(得分:1)

您可能需要补丁。

来自:http://support.microsoft.com/kb/943937

  

应用程序无法冒充a   用户然后运行Windows PowerShell   Exchange Server 2007中的命令   环境

     

要解决此问题,请安装   Exchange Server的更新汇总1   2007 Service Pack 1.

答案 3 :(得分:1)

Exchange 2007不允许您出于安全原因冒充用户。这意味着(目前)无法通过模拟用户来创建邮箱。为了解决这个问题,我创建了一个在AD用户下运行的Web服务,该服务具有创建电子邮件帐户等的权限。然后,您可以访问此Web服务以访问powershell。请记住添加必要的安全性,因为这可能是一个巨大的安全漏洞。

答案 4 :(得分:0)

这篇关于MSDN博客的文章似乎显示了一种方法,我还没有尝试过,但是当我这样做时会让你知道。

http://blogs.msdn.com/webdav_101/archive/2008/09/25/howto-calling-exchange-powershell-from-an-impersonated-thead.aspx