用C ++解析YAML文件

时间:2008-12-13 12:23:08

标签: c++ yaml

我想要一个简单的教程来向我展示加载yaml文件并解析数据。外派风格会很棒,但实际上以某种形式显示数据的任何解决方案都会很有用。

到目前为止,我在yaml-0.1.1源代码中为C运行了多次测试,我得到一个错误,没有输出,或者在run-emitter.c情况下。它读取yaml文件并将其打印到STDOUT,它不会通过libyaml函数/结构生成文本。在出现错误的情况下我不知道是不是bc文件坏了或我的构建不正确(我没有修改任何东西......)该文件是从yaml.org复制的。

有人能指点我的教程吗? (我用谷歌搜索至少30分钟阅读任何看起来相关的东西)或者一个有一个很好的教程或例子的lib的名字。也许你可以告诉我哪些libyaml测试在文件中加载并对它做了些什么或为什么我会收到错误。本文档没有解释如何使用该文件,只说明了如何加载它。

http://pyyaml.org/wiki/LibYAML#Documentation

4 个答案:

答案 0 :(得分:43)

尝试使用yaml-cpp(由this question建议)来获取C ++解析器。

披露:我是作者。

示例语法(来自Tutorial):

YAML::Node config = YAML::LoadFile("config.yaml");

if (config["lastLogin"]) {
  std::cout << "Last logged in: " << config["lastLogin"].as<DateTime>() << "\n";
}

const std::string username = config["username"].as<std::string>();
const std::string password = config["password"].as<std::string>();
login(username, password);
config["lastLogin"] = getCurrentDateTime();

std::ofstream fout("config.yaml");
fout << config;

答案 1 :(得分:11)

我已经写了一个教程 http://wpsoftware.net/andrew/pages/libyaml.html

这包括使用基于令牌和基于事件的解析在C中使用libyaml的基础知识。它包含用于输出YAML文件内容的示例代码。

答案 2 :(得分:11)

C示例 - 将YAML树解析为glib "N-ary tree"

#include <yaml.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <glib.h>

void process_layer(yaml_parser_t *parser, GNode *data);
gboolean dump(GNode *n, gpointer data);



int main (int argc, char **argv) {
    char *file_path = "test.yaml";
    GNode *cfg = g_node_new(file_path);
    yaml_parser_t parser;

    FILE *source = fopen(file_path, "rb");
    yaml_parser_initialize(&parser);
    yaml_parser_set_input_file(&parser, source);
    process_layer(&parser, cfg); // Recursive parsing
    yaml_parser_delete(&parser);
    fclose(source);

    printf("Results iteration:\n");
    g_node_traverse(cfg, G_PRE_ORDER, G_TRAVERSE_ALL, -1, dump, NULL);
    g_node_destroy(cfg);

    return(0);
}



enum storage_flags { VAR, VAL, SEQ }; // "Store as" switch

void process_layer(yaml_parser_t *parser, GNode *data) {
    GNode *last_leaf = data;
    yaml_event_t event;
    int storage = VAR; // mapping cannot start with VAL definition w/o VAR key

    while (1) {
        yaml_parser_parse(parser, &event);

        // Parse value either as a new leaf in the mapping
        //  or as a leaf value (one of them, in case it's a sequence)
        if (event.type == YAML_SCALAR_EVENT) {
            if (storage) g_node_append_data(last_leaf, g_strdup((gchar*) event.data.scalar.value));
            else last_leaf = g_node_append(data, g_node_new(g_strdup((gchar*) event.data.scalar.value)));
            storage ^= VAL; // Flip VAR/VAL switch for the next event
        }

        // Sequence - all the following scalars will be appended to the last_leaf
        else if (event.type == YAML_SEQUENCE_START_EVENT) storage = SEQ;
        else if (event.type == YAML_SEQUENCE_END_EVENT) storage = VAR;

        // depth += 1
        else if (event.type == YAML_MAPPING_START_EVENT) {
            process_layer(parser, last_leaf);
            storage ^= VAL; // Flip VAR/VAL, w/o touching SEQ
        }

        // depth -= 1
        else if (
            event.type == YAML_MAPPING_END_EVENT
            || event.type == YAML_STREAM_END_EVENT
        ) break;

        yaml_event_delete(&event);
    }
}


gboolean dump(GNode *node, gpointer data) {
    int i = g_node_depth(node);
    while (--i) printf(" ");
    printf("%s\n", (char*) node->data);
    return(FALSE);
}

答案 3 :(得分:6)

“yaml load lang:c ++”的Google代码搜索(现已解散)将此作为第一个链接:demo.cc

#include <iyaml++.hh>
#include <tr1/memory>
#include <iostream>
#include <stdexcept>

using namespace std;

// What should libyaml++ do when a YAML entity is parsed?
// NOTE:  if any of the event handlers is not defined, a respective default
// no-op handler will be used.  For example, not defining on_eos() is
// equivalent to defining void on_eos() { }.
class my_handler : public yaml::event_handler {
    void on_string(const std::string& s) { cout << "parsed string:  " << s << endl; }
    void on_integer(const std::string& s) { cout << "parsed integer:  " << s << endl; }
    void on_sequence_begin() { cout << "parsed sequence-begin." << endl; }
    void on_mapping_begin() { cout << "parsed mapping-begin." << endl; }
    void on_sequence_end() { cout << "parsed sequence-end." << endl; }
    void on_mapping_end() { cout << "parsed mapping-end." << endl; }
    void on_document() { cout << "parsed document." << endl; }
    void on_pair() { cout << "parsed pair." << endl; }
    void on_eos() { cout << "parsed eos." << endl; }
};

// ok then, now that i know how to behave on each YAML entity encountered, just
// give me a stream to parse!
int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    tr1::shared_ptr<my_handler> handler(new my_handler());
    while( cin ) {
        try { yaml::load(cin, handler); } // throws on syntax error

        catch( const runtime_error& e ) {
            cerr << e.what() << endl;
        }
    }
    return 0;
}