禁用USB存储设备

时间:2008-12-13 13:38:44

标签: windows usb

有没有办法以编程方式禁用USB存储设备,同时仍然保持usb端口可用于其他类型的设备,如键盘和鼠标?

4 个答案:

答案 0 :(得分:7)

取自here,未经测试:

Directions for Use:

1.)  Take the following blue text, copy it, and paste it into a text  document.  Then, save it as USBSTOR.ADM.
CLASS MACHINE
CATEGORY "Custom Policies"
KEYNAME "SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\UsbStor"
  POLICY "USB Mass Storage Installation"
   EXPLAIN "When this policy is enabled, USB mass storage device permissions can be changed by using the drop down box.

Selecting 'Grant Permission' will allow USB mass storage devices to be installed.  Selecting 'Deny Permission' will prohibit
the installation of USB mass storage devices.

IF REMOVING THIS POLICY: Reset to original setting and let policy propegate before deleting policy."
     PART "Change Settings:" DROPDOWNLIST REQUIRED
       VALUENAME "Start"
       ITEMLIST
        NAME "Grant Permission" VALUE NUMERIC 3 DEFAULT
        NAME "Deny Permission" VALUE NUMERIC 4
       END ITEMLIST
     END PART
   END POLICY
END CATEGORY

2.)  Open a group policy management console (gpedit.msc), and right click on "administrative templates" under "Computer Configuration".  Select "Add/Remove Templates".

3.)  Browse to the text document you just saved and click OK.  You'll now see "Custom Policies" under "Administrative Templates".  Right click on it, select "View", then select "Filtering".  Uncheck the bottom box, labeled "Only show policy settings that can be fully managed".

4.)  Click ok.  Now you'll see the USB policy available for use under the custom policy heading.  From there, you can enable or disable it just like any other policy.

或(禁用USB存储设备,在XP SP3上测试)

REG ADD "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR" /v Start /t REG_DWORD /d 4 /f

(启用USB存储设备,在XP SP3上测试)

REG ADD "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR" /v Start /t REG_DWORD /d 3 /f

答案 1 :(得分:4)

我们可以使用以下批处理文件来禁用和启用USB存储。

Disable_usb_storage.bat

@echo off

:: Disable USBstor driver
reg add HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR /v Start /t REG_DWORD /d 4 /f

:: USB Read Only Mode
reg add HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\StorageDevicePolicies /v WriteProtect /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f

:: USB Disable startup

reg add HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR /v Boot /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f

rem reg add HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR /v System /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f

reg add HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR /v Auto Load /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f

:: Disable read permissions on USBstor driver

:: Remove Access for Users from  files

cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /R users
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /R users
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /R users
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /D users
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /D users
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /D users

:: Remove Access for System
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /R system
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /R system
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /R system
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /D system
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /D system
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /D system

:: Remove Access for ower Users
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /R "Power Users"
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /R "Power Users"
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /R "Power Users"
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /D "Power Users"
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /D "Power Users"
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /D "Power Users"

:: Remove Access for Administrators
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /R Administrators
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /R Administrators
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /R Administrators
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /D Administrators
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /D Administrators
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /D Administrators

:: Remove Access for EveryOne
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /R Everyone
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /R Everyone
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /R Everyone
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /D Everyone
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /D Everyone
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /D Everyone


REM ::USB_REG_PERMISSION_changes

:: If parameter recover then undo all this
IF [%1]==[enable] GOTO Enable
:: Create a temporary .REG file - DISABLE USB
> "%Temp%.\u1.ini" ECHO HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR [0 0 0 0]
regini "%Temp%.\u1.ini"
DEL "%Temp%.\u1.ini"

:Exit

:: Leave state 
-----------------------------------------------------------------



========================================




Enable_usb_storage.bat
----------------------------------------------


@echo off

:: Enable USBstor driver from registry 
reg add HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR /v Start /t REG_DWORD /d 3 /f

:: Enable USBstor READ / Write mode
reg add HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\StorageDevicePolicies /v WriteProtect /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f


REM :: Remove permissions of actual USBSTORAGE Files


:: Provide Access for Users from  files
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /G users:F
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /G users:F
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /G users:F
rem cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /D users
rem cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /D users

:: Provide Access for System
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /G system:F
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /G system:F
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /G system:F
rem cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /D system
rem cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /D system

:: Provide Access for ower Users
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /G "Power Users":F
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /G "Power Users":F
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /G "Power Users":F
rem cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /D "Power Users"
rem cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /D "Power Users"

:: Provide Access for Administrators
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /G Administrators:F
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /G Administrators:F
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /G Administrators:F
rem cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /D Administrators
rem cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /D Administrators



:: Provide Access for EveryOne
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /G Everyone:F
cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /G Everyone:F
cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /F Everyone:F
rem cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.inf /E /D Everyone
rem cacls %SystemRoot%\inf\usbstor.PNF /E /D Everyone
rem cacls %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\USBSTOR.SYS /E /D Everyone



REM ::USB_REG_PERMISSION_changes

:: If parameter recover then undo all this
IF [%1]==[enable] GOTO Enable
:: Create a temporary .REG file - DISABLE USB
> "%Temp%.\u1.ini" ECHO HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR [1 5 8 11 17]
regini "%Temp%.\u1.ini"
DEL "%Temp%.\u1.ini"

:Exit


:: Leave state 

答案 2 :(得分:0)

最简单的方法是使用更改的注册表值创建.reg文件,然后使用WA运行这样的dos命令: regedit.exe / s pathto.regfile

答案 3 :(得分:0)

  1. 首先重启机器
  2. 打开注册表
  3. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
  4. 系统
  5. CURRENTCONTROLSET
  6. 服务
  7. USBstore
  8. 禁用设置为4,将启用设置为3