JavaScript Hashmap等效

时间:2008-12-15 12:56:51

标签: javascript data-structures language-features hashmap

正如this answer的更新3中所述,这种表示法:

var hash = {};
hash[X]

实际上并不散列对象X;它实际上只是将X转换为字符串(如果它是一个对象,则通过.toString(),或者为各种基本类型转换为其他一些内置转换),然后在“{ {1}}”。也不检查对象相等性 - 如果两个不同的对象具有相同的字符串转换,它们将只相互覆盖。

鉴于此 - javascript中是否有任何有效的hashmaps实现? (例如,javascript hashmap的第二个Google结果产生任何操作的O(n)实现。各种其他结果忽略了具有等效字符串表示的不同对象相互覆盖的事实。

16 个答案:

答案 0 :(得分:305)

答案 1 :(得分:168)

问题描述

JavaScript没有内置的常规 map 类型(有时称为关联数组字典),它允许通过任意键访问任意值。 JavaScript的基本数据结构是对象,这是一种特殊类型的映射,它只接受字符串作为键,并具有特殊的语义,如原型继承,getter和setter以及一些进一步的voodoo。

将对象用作地图时,您必须记住密钥将通过toString()转换为字符串值,从而将5'5'映射到相同的值,所有不会将toString()方法覆盖的对象转换为'[object Object]'索引的值。如果不检查hasOwnProperty()

,您也可能会不自觉地访问其继承的属性

JavaScript的内置数组类型没有任何帮助:JavaScript数组不是关联数组,而是具有更多特殊属性的对象。如果您想知道为什么它们不能用作地图,look here

尤金的解决方案

Eugene Lazutkin已经描述了使用自定义散列函数生成唯一字符串的基本思想,该字符串可用于查找关联值作为字典对象的属性。这很可能是最快的解决方案,因为对象在内部实现为哈希表

  • 注意:哈希表(有时称为哈希映射)是使用支持数组并通过数字哈希值查找的地图概念的特定实现。运行时环境可能使用其他结构(例如搜索树跳过列表)来实现JavaScript对象,但由于对象是基础数据结构,因此应对其进行充分优化。

为了获得任意对象的唯一哈希值,一种可能性是使用全局计数器并在对象本身中缓存哈希值(例如,在名为__hash的属性中)。

执行此操作的哈希函数适用于原始值和对象:

function hash(value) {
    return (typeof value) + ' ' + (value instanceof Object ?
        (value.__hash || (value.__hash = ++arguments.callee.current)) :
        value.toString());
}

hash.current = 0;

此功能可以如Eugene所述使用。为方便起见,我们将进一步将其包装在Map类中。

我的Map实施

以下实现还将键值对存储在双向链表中,以便允许对键和值进行快速迭代。要提供自己的哈希函数,可以在创建后覆盖实例的hash()方法。

// linking the key-value-pairs is optional
// if no argument is provided, linkItems === undefined, i.e. !== false
// --> linking will be enabled
function Map(linkItems) {
    this.current = undefined;
    this.size = 0;

    if(linkItems === false)
        this.disableLinking();
}

Map.noop = function() {
    return this;
};

Map.illegal = function() {
    throw new Error("illegal operation for maps without linking");
};

// map initialisation from existing object
// doesn't add inherited properties if not explicitly instructed to:
// omitting foreignKeys means foreignKeys === undefined, i.e. == false
// --> inherited properties won't be added
Map.from = function(obj, foreignKeys) {
    var map = new Map;

    for(var prop in obj) {
        if(foreignKeys || obj.hasOwnProperty(prop))
            map.put(prop, obj[prop]);
    }

    return map;
};

Map.prototype.disableLinking = function() {
    this.link = Map.noop;
    this.unlink = Map.noop;
    this.disableLinking = Map.noop;
    this.next = Map.illegal;
    this.key = Map.illegal;
    this.value = Map.illegal;
    this.removeAll = Map.illegal;

    return this;
};

// overwrite in Map instance if necessary
Map.prototype.hash = function(value) {
    return (typeof value) + ' ' + (value instanceof Object ?
        (value.__hash || (value.__hash = ++arguments.callee.current)) :
        value.toString());
};

Map.prototype.hash.current = 0;

// --- mapping functions

Map.prototype.get = function(key) {
    var item = this[this.hash(key)];
    return item === undefined ? undefined : item.value;
};

Map.prototype.put = function(key, value) {
    var hash = this.hash(key);

    if(this[hash] === undefined) {
        var item = { key : key, value : value };
        this[hash] = item;

        this.link(item);
        ++this.size;
    }
    else this[hash].value = value;

    return this;
};

Map.prototype.remove = function(key) {
    var hash = this.hash(key);
    var item = this[hash];

    if(item !== undefined) {
        --this.size;
        this.unlink(item);

        delete this[hash];
    }

    return this;
};

// only works if linked
Map.prototype.removeAll = function() {
    while(this.size)
        this.remove(this.key());

    return this;
};

// --- linked list helper functions

Map.prototype.link = function(item) {
    if(this.size == 0) {
        item.prev = item;
        item.next = item;
        this.current = item;
    }
    else {
        item.prev = this.current.prev;
        item.prev.next = item;
        item.next = this.current;
        this.current.prev = item;
    }
};

Map.prototype.unlink = function(item) {
    if(this.size == 0)
        this.current = undefined;
    else {
        item.prev.next = item.next;
        item.next.prev = item.prev;
        if(item === this.current)
            this.current = item.next;
    }
};

// --- iterator functions - only work if map is linked

Map.prototype.next = function() {
    this.current = this.current.next;
};

Map.prototype.key = function() {
    return this.current.key;
};

Map.prototype.value = function() {
    return this.current.value;
};

实施例

以下脚本

var map = new Map;

map.put('spam', 'eggs').
    put('foo', 'bar').
    put('foo', 'baz').
    put({}, 'an object').
    put({}, 'another object').
    put(5, 'five').
    put(5, 'five again').
    put('5', 'another five');

for(var i = 0; i++ < map.size; map.next())
    document.writeln(map.hash(map.key()) + ' : ' + map.value());

生成此输出:

string spam : eggs
string foo : baz
object 1 : an object
object 2 : another object
number 5 : five again
string 5 : another five

进一步考虑

PEZ建议覆盖toString()方法,可能是我们的哈希函数。这是不可行的,因为它不适用于原始值(更改基元的toString()非常坏主意)。如果我们希望toString()为任意对象返回有意义的值,我们就必须修改Object.prototype,其中有些人(我自己没有包含)认为 verboten


修改:我的Map实施的当前版本以及其他JavaScript好东西can be obtained from here

答案 2 :(得分:39)

我知道这个问题很老了,但现在有一些非常好的解决方案可以用于外部库。

JavaScript也提供了Map语言。

答案 3 :(得分:25)

这是一种使用类似于java地图的简单方便的方法:

var map= {
        'map_name_1': map_value_1,
        'map_name_2': map_value_2,
        'map_name_3': map_value_3,
        'map_name_4': map_value_4
        }

获得价值:

alert( map['map_name_1'] );    // fives the value of map_value_1

......  etc  .....

答案 4 :(得分:19)

您可以使用ES6 WeakMapMap

  • WeakMaps是键/对象映射,其中键是对象。

  • Map个对象是简单的键/值映射。任何值(对象和原始值)都可以用作键或值。

请注意,两者都不受广泛支持,但您可以使用ES6 Shim(需要原生ES5或ES5 Shim)来支持Map,但不能使用WeakMap({{3 }})。

答案 5 :(得分:16)

根据ECMAScript 2015(ES6)标准,javascript有一个Map实现。有关哪些内容的更多信息here

基本用法:

<WRMHEADER ... />

答案 6 :(得分:13)

您必须存储一些对象/值对的内部状态对联

HashMap = function(){
  this._dict = [];
}
HashMap.prototype._get = function(key){
  for(var i=0, couplet; couplet = this._dict[i]; i++){
    if(couplet[0] === key){
      return couplet;
    }
  }
}
HashMap.prototype.put = function(key, value){
  var couplet = this._get(key);
  if(couplet){
    couplet[1] = value;
  }else{
    this._dict.push([key, value]);
  }
  return this; // for chaining
}
HashMap.prototype.get = function(key){
  var couplet = this._get(key);
  if(couplet){
    return couplet[1];
  }
}

并按原样使用:

var color = {}; // unique object instance
var shape = {}; // unique object instance
var map = new HashMap();
map.put(color, "blue");
map.put(shape, "round");
console.log("Item is", map.get(color), "and", map.get(shape));

当然,这种实现也在O(n)的某个地方。以上Eugene的例子是获得散列的唯一方法,散列适用于您从真实散列中获得的任何速度。

<强>更新

根据Eugene的回答,另一种方法是以某种方式将唯一ID附加到所有对象。我最喜欢的方法之一是采用从Object超类继承的一个内置方法,将其替换为自定义函数passthrough并将属性附加到该函数对象。如果您要重写我的HashMap方法来执行此操作,它将如下所示:

HashMap = function(){
  this._dict = {};
}
HashMap.prototype._shared = {id: 1};
HashMap.prototype.put = function put(key, value){
  if(typeof key == "object"){
    if(!key.hasOwnProperty._id){
      key.hasOwnProperty = function(key){
        return Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(this, key);
      }
      key.hasOwnProperty._id = this._shared.id++;
    }
    this._dict[key.hasOwnProperty._id] = value;
  }else{
    this._dict[key] = value;
  }
  return this; // for chaining
}
HashMap.prototype.get = function get(key){
  if(typeof key == "object"){
    return this._dict[key.hasOwnProperty._id];
  }
  return this._dict[key];
}

这个版本似乎只是稍微快一点,但理论上它对于大型数据集来说会明显加快。

答案 7 :(得分:10)

不幸的是,上述答案都不适用于我的情况:不同的密钥对象可能具有相同的哈希码。因此,我写了一个简单的类似Java的HashMap版本:

function HashMap() {
    this.buckets = {};
}

HashMap.prototype.put = function(key, value) {
    var hashCode = key.hashCode();
    var bucket = this.buckets[hashCode];
    if (!bucket) {
        bucket = new Array();
        this.buckets[hashCode] = bucket;
    }
    for (var i = 0; i < bucket.length; ++i) {
        if (bucket[i].key.equals(key)) {
            bucket[i].value = value;
            return;
        }
    }
    bucket.push({ key: key, value: value });
}

HashMap.prototype.get = function(key) {
    var hashCode = key.hashCode();
    var bucket = this.buckets[hashCode];
    if (!bucket) {
        return null;
    }
    for (var i = 0; i < bucket.length; ++i) {
        if (bucket[i].key.equals(key)) {
            return bucket[i].value;
        }
    }
}

HashMap.prototype.keys = function() {
    var keys = new Array();
    for (var hashKey in this.buckets) {
        var bucket = this.buckets[hashKey];
        for (var i = 0; i < bucket.length; ++i) {
            keys.push(bucket[i].key);
        }
    }
    return keys;
}

HashMap.prototype.values = function() {
    var values = new Array();
    for (var hashKey in this.buckets) {
        var bucket = this.buckets[hashKey];
        for (var i = 0; i < bucket.length; ++i) {
            values.push(bucket[i].value);
        }
    }
    return values;
}

注意:关键对象必须“实现”hashCode()和equals()方法。

答案 8 :(得分:5)

我已经实现了一个JavaScript HashMap,可以从http://github.com/lambder/HashMapJS/tree/master

获取代码

以下是代码:

/*
 =====================================================================
 @license MIT
 @author Lambder
 @copyright 2009 Lambder.
 @end
 =====================================================================
 */
var HashMap = function() {
  this.initialize();
}

HashMap.prototype = {
  hashkey_prefix: "<#HashMapHashkeyPerfix>",
  hashcode_field: "<#HashMapHashkeyPerfix>",

  initialize: function() {
    this.backing_hash = {};
    this.code = 0;
  },
  /*
   maps value to key returning previous assocciation
   */
  put: function(key, value) {
    var prev;
    if (key && value) {
      var hashCode = key[this.hashcode_field];
      if (hashCode) {
        prev = this.backing_hash[hashCode];
      } else {
        this.code += 1;
        hashCode = this.hashkey_prefix + this.code;
        key[this.hashcode_field] = hashCode;
      }
      this.backing_hash[hashCode] = value;
    }
    return prev;
  },
  /*
   returns value associated with given key
   */
  get: function(key) {
    var value;
    if (key) {
      var hashCode = key[this.hashcode_field];
      if (hashCode) {
        value = this.backing_hash[hashCode];
      }
    }
    return value;
  },
  /*
   deletes association by given key.
   Returns true if the assocciation existed, false otherwise
   */
  del: function(key) {
    var success = false;
    if (key) {
      var hashCode = key[this.hashcode_field];
      if (hashCode) {
        var prev = this.backing_hash[hashCode];
        this.backing_hash[hashCode] = undefined;
        if(prev !== undefined)
          success = true;
      }
    }
    return success;
  }
}

//// Usage

// creation

var my_map = new HashMap();

// insertion

var a_key = {};
var a_value = {struct: "structA"};
var b_key = {};
var b_value = {struct: "structB"};
var c_key = {};
var c_value = {struct: "structC"};

my_map.put(a_key, a_value);
my_map.put(b_key, b_value);
var prev_b = my_map.put(b_key, c_value);

// retrieval

if(my_map.get(a_key) !== a_value){
  throw("fail1")
}
if(my_map.get(b_key) !== c_value){
  throw("fail2")
}
if(prev_b !== b_value){
  throw("fail3")
}

// deletion

var a_existed = my_map.del(a_key);
var c_existed = my_map.del(c_key);
var a2_existed = my_map.del(a_key);

if(a_existed !== true){
  throw("fail4")
}
if(c_existed !== false){
  throw("fail5")
}
if(a2_existed !== false){
  throw("fail6")
}

答案 9 :(得分:2)

Javascript没有内置Map / hashmap。它应该被称为associative array

hash["X"]等于hash.X,但允许“X”作为字符串变量。 换句话说,hash[x]在功能上等于eval("hash."+x.toString())

它与object.properties更相似,而不是键值映射。 如果您正在寻找Javascript中更好的键/值映射,请使用您可以在网上找到的Map对象。

答案 10 :(得分:2)

如果性能不重要(例如,键的数量相对较小),并且您不希望使用_hash_id等其他字段污染您的(或可能不是您的)对象,等等,那么你可以利用Array.prototype.indexOf采用严格平等的事实。这是一个简单的实现:

var Dict = (function(){
    // IE 8 and earlier has no Array.prototype.indexOf
    function indexOfPolyfill(val) {
      for (var i = 0, l = this.length; i < l; ++i) {
        if (this[i] === val) {
          return i;
        }
      }
      return -1;
    }

    function Dict(){
      this.keys = [];
      this.values = [];
      if (!this.keys.indexOf) {
        this.keys.indexOf = indexOfPolyfill;
      }
    };

    Dict.prototype.has = function(key){
      return this.keys.indexOf(key) != -1;
    };

    Dict.prototype.get = function(key, defaultValue){
      var index = this.keys.indexOf(key);
      return index == -1 ? defaultValue : this.values[index];
    };

    Dict.prototype.set = function(key, value){
      var index = this.keys.indexOf(key);
      if (index == -1) {
        this.keys.push(key);
        this.values.push(value);
      } else {
        var prevValue = this.values[index];
        this.values[index] = value;
        return prevValue;
      }
    };

    Dict.prototype.delete = function(key){
      var index = this.keys.indexOf(key);
      if (index != -1) {
        this.keys.splice(index, 1);
        return this.values.splice(index, 1)[0];
      }
    };

    Dict.prototype.clear = function(){
      this.keys.splice(0, this.keys.length);
      this.values.splice(0, this.values.length);
    };

    return Dict;
})();

使用示例:

var a = {}, b = {},
    c = { toString: function(){ return '1'; } },
    d = 1, s = '1', u = undefined, n = null,
    dict = new Dict();

// keys and values can be anything
dict.set(a, 'a');
dict.set(b, 'b');
dict.set(c, 'c');
dict.set(d, 'd');
dict.set(s, 's');
dict.set(u, 'u');
dict.set(n, 'n');

dict.get(a); // 'a'
dict.get(b); // 'b'
dict.get(s); // 's'
dict.get(u); // 'u'
dict.get(n); // 'n'
// etc.

与ES6 WeakMap相比,它有两个问题:O(n)搜索时间和非弱点(即如果不使用deleteclear释放密钥,则会导致内存泄漏)

答案 11 :(得分:2)

我的地图实现,源自Christoph的例子:

示例用法:

var map = new Map();  //creates an "in-memory" map
var map = new Map("storageId");  //creates a map that is loaded/persisted using html5 storage

function Map(storageId) {
    this.current = undefined;
    this.size = 0;
    this.storageId = storageId;
    if (this.storageId) {
        this.keys = new Array();
        this.disableLinking();
    }
}

Map.noop = function() {
    return this;
};

Map.illegal = function() {
    throw new Error("illegal operation for maps without linking");
};

// map initialisation from existing object
// doesn't add inherited properties if not explicitly instructed to:
// omitting foreignKeys means foreignKeys === undefined, i.e. == false
// --> inherited properties won't be added
Map.from = function(obj, foreignKeys) {
    var map = new Map;
    for(var prop in obj) {
        if(foreignKeys || obj.hasOwnProperty(prop))
            map.put(prop, obj[prop]);
    }
    return map;
};

Map.prototype.disableLinking = function() {
    this.link = Map.noop;
    this.unlink = Map.noop;
    this.disableLinking = Map.noop;

    this.next = Map.illegal;
    this.key = Map.illegal;
    this.value = Map.illegal;
//    this.removeAll = Map.illegal;


    return this;
};

// overwrite in Map instance if necessary
Map.prototype.hash = function(value) {
    return (typeof value) + ' ' + (value instanceof Object ?
        (value.__hash || (value.__hash = ++arguments.callee.current)) :
        value.toString());
};

Map.prototype.hash.current = 0;

// --- mapping functions

Map.prototype.get = function(key) {
    var item = this[this.hash(key)];
    if (item === undefined) {
        if (this.storageId) {
            try {
                var itemStr = localStorage.getItem(this.storageId + key);
                if (itemStr && itemStr !== 'undefined') {
                    item = JSON.parse(itemStr);
                    this[this.hash(key)] = item;
                    this.keys.push(key);
                    ++this.size;
                }
            } catch (e) {
                console.log(e);
            }
        }
    }
    return item === undefined ? undefined : item.value;
};

Map.prototype.put = function(key, value) {
    var hash = this.hash(key);

    if(this[hash] === undefined) {
        var item = { key : key, value : value };
        this[hash] = item;

        this.link(item);
        ++this.size;
    }
    else this[hash].value = value;
    if (this.storageId) {
        this.keys.push(key);
        try {
            localStorage.setItem(this.storageId + key, JSON.stringify(this[hash]));
        } catch (e) {
            console.log(e);
        }
    }
    return this;
};

Map.prototype.remove = function(key) {
    var hash = this.hash(key);
    var item = this[hash];
    if(item !== undefined) {
        --this.size;
        this.unlink(item);

        delete this[hash];
    }
    if (this.storageId) {
        try {
            localStorage.setItem(this.storageId + key, undefined);
        } catch (e) {
            console.log(e);
        }
    }
    return this;
};

// only works if linked
Map.prototype.removeAll = function() {
    if (this.storageId) {
        for (var i=0; i<this.keys.length; i++) {
            this.remove(this.keys[i]);
        }
        this.keys.length = 0;
    } else {
        while(this.size)
            this.remove(this.key());
    }
    return this;
};

// --- linked list helper functions

Map.prototype.link = function(item) {
    if (this.storageId) {
        return;
    }
    if(this.size == 0) {
        item.prev = item;
        item.next = item;
        this.current = item;
    }
    else {
        item.prev = this.current.prev;
        item.prev.next = item;
        item.next = this.current;
        this.current.prev = item;
    }
};

Map.prototype.unlink = function(item) {
    if (this.storageId) {
        return;
    }
    if(this.size == 0)
        this.current = undefined;
    else {
        item.prev.next = item.next;
        item.next.prev = item.prev;
        if(item === this.current)
            this.current = item.next;
    }
};

// --- iterator functions - only work if map is linked

Map.prototype.next = function() {
    this.current = this.current.next;
};

Map.prototype.key = function() {
    if (this.storageId) {
        return undefined;
    } else {
        return this.current.key;
    }
};

Map.prototype.value = function() {
    if (this.storageId) {
        return undefined;
    }
    return this.current.value;
};

答案 12 :(得分:2)

尝试我的JavaScript哈希表实现:http://www.timdown.co.uk/jshashtable

它查找关键对象的hashCode()方法,或者在创建Hashtable对象时可以提供哈希函数。

答案 13 :(得分:2)

这看起来像一个非常强大的解决方案:https://github.com/flesler/hashmap。它甚至可以很好地用于看起来相同的功能和对象。它唯一使用的是将一个不起眼的成员添加到一个对象来识别它。如果你的程序没有覆盖那个模糊的变量(它的类似 hashid ),你就是金色的。

答案 14 :(得分:1)

添加另一个解决方案:HashMap几乎是我从Java移植到Javascript的第一个类。你可以说有很多开销,但实现几乎100%等同于Java的实现,包括所有接口和子类。

可在此处找到该项目:https://github.com/Airblader/jsava 我还将附加HashMap类的(当前)源代码,但如上所述,它还取决于超类等。使用的OOP框架是qooxdoo。

编辑:请注意,此代码已过时,请参阅当前作品的github项目。在编写本文时,还有一个ArrayList实现。

qx.Class.define( 'jsava.util.HashMap', {
    extend: jsava.util.AbstractMap,
    implement: [jsava.util.Map, jsava.io.Serializable, jsava.lang.Cloneable],

    construct: function () {
        var args = Array.prototype.slice.call( arguments ),
            initialCapacity = this.self( arguments ).DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY,
            loadFactor = this.self( arguments ).DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR;

        switch( args.length ) {
            case 1:
                if( qx.Class.implementsInterface( args[0], jsava.util.Map ) ) {
                    initialCapacity = Math.max( ((args[0].size() / this.self( arguments ).DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR) | 0) + 1,
                        this.self( arguments ).DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY );
                    loadFactor = this.self( arguments ).DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR;
                } else {
                    initialCapacity = args[0];
                }
                break;
            case 2:
                initialCapacity = args[0];
                loadFactor = args[1];
                break;
        }

        if( initialCapacity < 0 ) {
            throw new jsava.lang.IllegalArgumentException( 'Illegal initial capacity: ' + initialCapacity );
        }
        if( initialCapacity > this.self( arguments ).MAXIMUM_CAPACITY ) {
            initialCapacity = this.self( arguments ).MAXIMUM_CAPACITY;
        }
        if( loadFactor <= 0 || isNaN( loadFactor ) ) {
            throw new jsava.lang.IllegalArgumentException( 'Illegal load factor: ' + loadFactor );
        }

        var capacity = 1;
        while( capacity < initialCapacity ) {
            capacity <<= 1;
        }

        this._loadFactor = loadFactor;
        this._threshold = (capacity * loadFactor) | 0;
        this._table = jsava.JsavaUtils.emptyArrayOfGivenSize( capacity, null );
        this._init();
    },

    statics: {
        serialVersionUID: 1,

        DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY: 16,
        MAXIMUM_CAPACITY: 1 << 30,
        DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR: 0.75,

        _hash: function (hash) {
            hash ^= (hash >>> 20) ^ (hash >>> 12);
            return hash ^ (hash >>> 7) ^ (hash >>> 4);
        },

        _indexFor: function (hashCode, length) {
            return hashCode & (length - 1);
        },

        Entry: qx.Class.define( 'jsava.util.HashMap.Entry', {
            extend: jsava.lang.Object,
            implement: [jsava.util.Map.Entry],

            construct: function (hash, key, value, nextEntry) {
                this._value = value;
                this._next = nextEntry;
                this._key = key;
                this._hash = hash;
            },

            members: {
                _key: null,
                _value: null,
                /** @type jsava.util.HashMap.Entry */
                _next: null,
                /** @type Number */
                _hash: 0,

                getKey: function () {
                    return this._key;
                },

                getValue: function () {
                    return this._value;
                },

                setValue: function (newValue) {
                    var oldValue = this._value;
                    this._value = newValue;
                    return oldValue;
                },

                equals: function (obj) {
                    if( obj === null || !qx.Class.implementsInterface( obj, jsava.util.HashMap.Entry ) ) {
                        return false;
                    }

                    /** @type jsava.util.HashMap.Entry */
                    var entry = obj,
                        key1 = this.getKey(),
                        key2 = entry.getKey();
                    if( key1 === key2 || (key1 !== null && key1.equals( key2 )) ) {
                        var value1 = this.getValue(),
                            value2 = entry.getValue();
                        if( value1 === value2 || (value1 !== null && value1.equals( value2 )) ) {
                            return true;
                        }
                    }

                    return false;
                },

                hashCode: function () {
                    return (this._key === null ? 0 : this._key.hashCode()) ^
                        (this._value === null ? 0 : this._value.hashCode());
                },

                toString: function () {
                    return this.getKey() + '=' + this.getValue();
                },

                /**
                 * This method is invoked whenever the value in an entry is
                 * overwritten by an invocation of put(k,v) for a key k that's already
                 * in the HashMap.
                 */
                _recordAccess: function (map) {
                },

                /**
                 * This method is invoked whenever the entry is
                 * removed from the table.
                 */
                _recordRemoval: function (map) {
                }
            }
        } )
    },

    members: {
        /** @type jsava.util.HashMap.Entry[] */
        _table: null,
        /** @type Number */
        _size: 0,
        /** @type Number */
        _threshold: 0,
        /** @type Number */
        _loadFactor: 0,
        /** @type Number */
        _modCount: 0,
        /** @implements jsava.util.Set */
        __entrySet: null,

        /**
         * Initialization hook for subclasses. This method is called
         * in all constructors and pseudo-constructors (clone, readObject)
         * after HashMap has been initialized but before any entries have
         * been inserted.  (In the absence of this method, readObject would
         * require explicit knowledge of subclasses.)
         */
        _init: function () {
        },

        size: function () {
            return this._size;
        },

        isEmpty: function () {
            return this._size === 0;
        },

        get: function (key) {
            if( key === null ) {
                return this.__getForNullKey();
            }

            var hash = this.self( arguments )._hash( key.hashCode() );
            for( var entry = this._table[this.self( arguments )._indexFor( hash, this._table.length )];
                 entry !== null; entry = entry._next ) {
                /** @type jsava.lang.Object */
                var k;
                if( entry._hash === hash && ((k = entry._key) === key || key.equals( k )) ) {
                    return entry._value;
                }
            }

            return null;
        },

        __getForNullKey: function () {
            for( var entry = this._table[0]; entry !== null; entry = entry._next ) {
                if( entry._key === null ) {
                    return entry._value;
                }
            }

            return null;
        },

        containsKey: function (key) {
            return this._getEntry( key ) !== null;
        },

        _getEntry: function (key) {
            var hash = (key === null) ? 0 : this.self( arguments )._hash( key.hashCode() );
            for( var entry = this._table[this.self( arguments )._indexFor( hash, this._table.length )];
                 entry !== null; entry = entry._next ) {
                /** @type jsava.lang.Object */
                var k;
                if( entry._hash === hash
                    && ( ( k = entry._key ) === key || ( key !== null && key.equals( k ) ) ) ) {
                    return entry;
                }
            }

            return null;
        },

        put: function (key, value) {
            if( key === null ) {
                return this.__putForNullKey( value );
            }

            var hash = this.self( arguments )._hash( key.hashCode() ),
                i = this.self( arguments )._indexFor( hash, this._table.length );
            for( var entry = this._table[i]; entry !== null; entry = entry._next ) {
                /** @type jsava.lang.Object */
                var k;
                if( entry._hash === hash && ( (k = entry._key) === key || key.equals( k ) ) ) {
                    var oldValue = entry._value;
                    entry._value = value;
                    entry._recordAccess( this );
                    return oldValue;
                }
            }

            this._modCount++;
            this._addEntry( hash, key, value, i );
            return null;
        },

        __putForNullKey: function (value) {
            for( var entry = this._table[0]; entry !== null; entry = entry._next ) {
                if( entry._key === null ) {
                    var oldValue = entry._value;
                    entry._value = value;
                    entry._recordAccess( this );
                    return oldValue;
                }
            }

            this._modCount++;
            this._addEntry( 0, null, value, 0 );
            return null;
        },

        __putForCreate: function (key, value) {
            var hash = (key === null) ? 0 : this.self( arguments )._hash( key.hashCode() ),
                i = this.self( arguments )._indexFor( hash, this._table.length );
            for( var entry = this._table[i]; entry !== null; entry = entry._next ) {
                /** @type jsava.lang.Object */
                var k;
                if( entry._hash === hash
                    && ( (k = entry._key) === key || ( key !== null && key.equals( k ) ) ) ) {
                    entry._value = value;
                    return;
                }
            }

            this._createEntry( hash, key, value, i );
        },

        __putAllForCreate: function (map) {
            var iterator = map.entrySet().iterator();
            while( iterator.hasNext() ) {
                var entry = iterator.next();
                this.__putForCreate( entry.getKey(), entry.getValue() );
            }
        },

        _resize: function (newCapacity) {
            var oldTable = this._table,
                oldCapacity = oldTable.length;
            if( oldCapacity === this.self( arguments ).MAXIMUM_CAPACITY ) {
                this._threshold = Number.MAX_VALUE;
                return;
            }

            var newTable = jsava.JsavaUtils.emptyArrayOfGivenSize( newCapacity, null );
            this._transfer( newTable );
            this._table = newTable;
            this._threshold = (newCapacity * this._loadFactor) | 0;
        },

        _transfer: function (newTable) {
            var src = this._table,
                newCapacity = newTable.length;
            for( var j = 0; j < src.length; j++ ) {
                var entry = src[j];
                if( entry !== null ) {
                    src[j] = null;
                    do {
                        var next = entry._next,
                            i = this.self( arguments )._indexFor( entry._hash, newCapacity );
                        entry._next = newTable[i];
                        newTable[i] = entry;
                        entry = next;
                    } while( entry !== null );
                }
            }
        },

        putAll: function (map) {
            var numKeyToBeAdded = map.size();
            if( numKeyToBeAdded === 0 ) {
                return;
            }

            if( numKeyToBeAdded > this._threshold ) {
                var targetCapacity = (numKeyToBeAdded / this._loadFactor + 1) | 0;
                if( targetCapacity > this.self( arguments ).MAXIMUM_CAPACITY ) {
                    targetCapacity = this.self( arguments ).MAXIMUM_CAPACITY;
                }

                var newCapacity = this._table.length;
                while( newCapacity < targetCapacity ) {
                    newCapacity <<= 1;
                }
                if( newCapacity > this._table.length ) {
                    this._resize( newCapacity );
                }
            }

            var iterator = map.entrySet().iterator();
            while( iterator.hasNext() ) {
                var entry = iterator.next();
                this.put( entry.getKey(), entry.getValue() );
            }
        },

        remove: function (key) {
            var entry = this._removeEntryForKey( key );
            return entry === null ? null : entry._value;
        },

        _removeEntryForKey: function (key) {
            var hash = (key === null) ? 0 : this.self( arguments )._hash( key.hashCode() ),
                i = this.self( arguments )._indexFor( hash, this._table.length ),
                prev = this._table[i],
                entry = prev;

            while( entry !== null ) {
                var next = entry._next,
                    /** @type jsava.lang.Object */
                        k;
                if( entry._hash === hash
                    && ( (k = entry._key) === key || ( key !== null && key.equals( k ) ) ) ) {
                    this._modCount++;
                    this._size--;
                    if( prev === entry ) {
                        this._table[i] = next;
                    } else {
                        prev._next = next;
                    }
                    entry._recordRemoval( this );
                    return entry;
                }
                prev = entry;
                entry = next;
            }

            return entry;
        },

        _removeMapping: function (obj) {
            if( obj === null || !qx.Class.implementsInterface( obj, jsava.util.Map.Entry ) ) {
                return null;
            }

            /** @implements jsava.util.Map.Entry */
            var entry = obj,
                key = entry.getKey(),
                hash = (key === null) ? 0 : this.self( arguments )._hash( key.hashCode() ),
                i = this.self( arguments )._indexFor( hash, this._table.length ),
                prev = this._table[i],
                e = prev;

            while( e !== null ) {
                var next = e._next;
                if( e._hash === hash && e.equals( entry ) ) {
                    this._modCount++;
                    this._size--;
                    if( prev === e ) {
                        this._table[i] = next;
                    } else {
                        prev._next = next;
                    }
                    e._recordRemoval( this );
                    return e;
                }
                prev = e;
                e = next;
            }

            return e;
        },

        clear: function () {
            this._modCount++;
            var table = this._table;
            for( var i = 0; i < table.length; i++ ) {
                table[i] = null;
            }
            this._size = 0;
        },

        containsValue: function (value) {
            if( value === null ) {
                return this.__containsNullValue();
            }

            var table = this._table;
            for( var i = 0; i < table.length; i++ ) {
                for( var entry = table[i]; entry !== null; entry = entry._next ) {
                    if( value.equals( entry._value ) ) {
                        return true;
                    }
                }
            }

            return false;
        },

        __containsNullValue: function () {
            var table = this._table;
            for( var i = 0; i < table.length; i++ ) {
                for( var entry = table[i]; entry !== null; entry = entry._next ) {
                    if( entry._value === null ) {
                        return true;
                    }
                }
            }

            return false;
        },

        clone: function () {
            /** @type jsava.util.HashMap */
            var result = null;
            try {
                result = this.base( arguments );
            } catch( e ) {
                if( !qx.Class.isSubClassOf( e.constructor, jsava.lang.CloneNotSupportedException ) ) {
                    throw e;
                }
            }

            result._table = jsava.JsavaUtils.emptyArrayOfGivenSize( this._table.length, null );
            result.__entrySet = null;
            result._modCount = 0;
            result._size = 0;
            result._init();
            result.__putAllForCreate( this );

            return result;
        },

        _addEntry: function (hash, key, value, bucketIndex) {
            var entry = this._table[bucketIndex];
            this._table[bucketIndex] = new (this.self( arguments ).Entry)( hash, key, value, entry );
            if( this._size++ >= this._threshold ) {
                this._resize( 2 * this._table.length );
            }
        },

        _createEntry: function (hash, key, value, bucketIndex) {
            var entry = this._table[bucketIndex];
            this._table[bucketIndex] = new (this.self( arguments ).Entry)( hash, key, value, entry );
            this._size++;
        },

        keySet: function () {
            var keySet = this._keySet;
            return keySet !== null ? keySet : ( this._keySet = new this.KeySet( this ) );
        },

        values: function () {
            var values = this._values;
            return values !== null ? values : ( this._values = new this.Values( this ) );
        },

        entrySet: function () {
            return this.__entrySet0();
        },

        __entrySet0: function () {
            var entrySet = this.__entrySet;
            return entrySet !== null ? entrySet : ( this.__entrySet = new this.EntrySet( this ) );
        },

        /** @private */
        HashIterator: qx.Class.define( 'jsava.util.HashMap.HashIterator', {
            extend: jsava.lang.Object,
            implement: [jsava.util.Iterator],

            type: 'abstract',

            /** @protected */
            construct: function (thisHashMap) {
                this.__thisHashMap = thisHashMap;
                this._expectedModCount = this.__thisHashMap._modCount;
                if( this.__thisHashMap._size > 0 ) {
                    var table = this.__thisHashMap._table;
                    while( this._index < table.length && ( this._next = table[this._index++] ) === null ) {
                        // do nothing
                    }
                }
            },

            members: {
                __thisHashMap: null,

                /** @type jsava.util.HashMap.Entry */
                _next: null,
                /** @type Number */
                _expectedModCount: 0,
                /** @type Number */
                _index: 0,
                /** @type jsava.util.HashMap.Entry */
                _current: null,

                hasNext: function () {
                    return this._next !== null;
                },

                _nextEntry: function () {
                    if( this.__thisHashMap._modCount !== this._expectedModCount ) {
                        throw new jsava.lang.ConcurrentModificationException();
                    }

                    var entry = this._next;
                    if( entry === null ) {
                        throw new jsava.lang.NoSuchElementException();
                    }

                    if( (this._next = entry._next) === null ) {
                        var table = this.__thisHashMap._table;
                        while( this._index < table.length && ( this._next = table[this._index++] ) === null ) {
                            // do nothing
                        }
                    }

                    this._current = entry;
                    return entry;
                },

                remove: function () {
                    if( this._current === null ) {
                        throw new jsava.lang.IllegalStateException();
                    }

                    if( this.__thisHashMap._modCount !== this._expectedModCount ) {
                        throw new jsava.lang.ConcurrentModificationException();
                    }

                    var key = this._current._key;
                    this._current = null;
                    this.__thisHashMap._removeEntryForKey( key );
                    this._expectedModCount = this.__thisHashMap._modCount;
                }
            }
        } ),

        _newKeyIterator: function () {
            return new this.KeyIterator( this );
        },

        _newValueIterator: function () {
            return new this.ValueIterator( this );
        },

        _newEntryIterator: function () {
            return new this.EntryIterator( this );
        },

        /** @private */
        ValueIterator: qx.Class.define( 'jsava.util.HashMap.ValueIterator', {
            extend: jsava.util.HashMap.HashIterator,

            construct: function (thisHashMap) {
                this.base( arguments, thisHashMap );
            },

            members: {
                next: function () {
                    return this._nextEntry()._value;
                }
            }
        } ),

        /** @private */
        KeyIterator: qx.Class.define( 'jsava.util.HashMap.KeyIterator', {
            extend: jsava.util.HashMap.HashIterator,

            construct: function (thisHashMap) {
                this.base( arguments, thisHashMap );
            },

            members: {
                next: function () {
                    return this._nextEntry().getKey();
                }
            }
        } ),

        /** @private */
        EntryIterator: qx.Class.define( 'jsava.util.HashMap.EntryIterator', {
            extend: jsava.util.HashMap.HashIterator,

            construct: function (thisHashMap) {
                this.base( arguments, thisHashMap );
            },

            members: {
                next: function () {
                    return this._nextEntry();
                }
            }
        } ),

        /** @private */
        KeySet: qx.Class.define( 'jsava.util.HashMap.KeySet', {
            extend: jsava.util.AbstractSet,

            construct: function (thisHashMap) {
                this.base( arguments );
                this.__thisHashMap = thisHashMap;
            },

            members: {
                __thisHashMap: null,

                iterator: function () {
                    return this.__thisHashMap._newKeyIterator();
                },

                size: function () {
                    return this.__thisHashMap._size;
                },

                contains: function (obj) {
                    return this.__thisHashMap.containsKey( obj );
                },

                remove: function (obj) {
                    return this.__thisHashMap._removeEntryForKey( obj ) !== null;
                },

                clear: function () {
                    this.__thisHashMap.clear();
                }
            }
        } ),

        /** @private */
        Values: qx.Class.define( 'jsava.util.HashMap.Values', {
            extend: jsava.util.AbstractCollection,

            construct: function (thisHashMap) {
                this.base( arguments );
                this.__thisHashMap = thisHashMap;
            },

            members: {
                __thisHashMap: null,

                iterator: function () {
                    return this.__thisHashMap._newValueIterator();
                },

                size: function () {
                    return this.__thisHashMap._size;
                },

                contains: function (obj) {
                    return this.__thisHashMap.containsValue( obj );
                },

                clear: function () {
                    this.__thisHashMap.clear();
                }
            }
        } ),

        /** @private */
        EntrySet: qx.Class.define( 'jsava.util.HashMap.EntrySet', {
            extend: jsava.util.AbstractSet,

            construct: function (thisHashMap) {
                this.base( arguments );
                this.__thisHashMap = thisHashMap;
            },

            members: {
                __thisHashMap: null,

                iterator: function () {
                    return this.__thisHashMap._newEntryIterator();
                },

                size: function () {
                    return this.__thisHashMap._size;
                },

                contains: function (obj) {
                    if( obj === null || !qx.Class.implementsInterface( obj, jsava.util.Map.Entry ) ) {
                        return false;
                    }

                    /** @implements jsava.util.Map.Entry */
                    var entry = obj,
                        candidate = this.__thisHashMap._getEntry( entry.getKey() );
                    return candidate !== null && candidate.equals( entry );
                },

                remove: function (obj) {
                    return this.__thisHashMap._removeMapping( obj ) !== null;
                },

                clear: function () {
                    this.__thisHashMap.clear();
                }
            }
        } )
    }
} );

答案 15 :(得分:0)

我的又一个地图实现。使用随机函数,'泛型'和'迭代器'=)

var HashMap = function (TKey, TValue) {
    var db = [];
    var keyType, valueType;

    (function () {
        keyType = TKey;
        valueType = TValue;
    })();

    var getIndexOfKey = function (key) {
        if (typeof key !== keyType)
            throw new Error('Type of key should be ' + keyType);
        for (var i = 0; i < db.length; i++) {
            if (db[i][0] == key)
                return i;
        }
        return -1;
    }

    this.add = function (key, value) {
        if (typeof key !== keyType) {
            throw new Error('Type of key should be ' + keyType);
        } else if (typeof value !== valueType) {
            throw new Error('Type of value should be ' + valueType);
        }
        var index = getIndexOfKey(key);
        if (index === -1)
            db.push([key, value]);
        else
            db[index][1] = value;
        return this;
    }

    this.get = function (key) {
        if (typeof key !== keyType || db.length === 0)
            return null;
        for (var i = 0; i < db.length; i++) {
            if (db[i][0] == key)
                return db[i][1];
        }
        return null;
    }

    this.size = function () {
        return db.length;
    }

    this.keys = function () {
        if (db.length === 0)
            return [];
        var result = [];
        for (var i = 0; i < db.length; i++) {
            result.push(db[i][0]);
        }
        return result;
    }

    this.values = function () {
        if (db.length === 0)
            return [];
        var result = [];
        for (var i = 0; i < db.length; i++) {
            result.push(db[i][1]);
        }
        return result;
    }

    this.randomize = function () {
        if (db.length === 0)
            return this;
        var currentIndex = db.length, temporaryValue, randomIndex;
        while (0 !== currentIndex) {
            randomIndex = Math.floor(Math.random() * currentIndex);
            currentIndex--;
            temporaryValue = db[currentIndex];
            db[currentIndex] = db[randomIndex];
            db[randomIndex] = temporaryValue;
        }
        return this;
    }

    this.iterate = function (callback) {
        if (db.length === 0)
            return false;
        for (var i = 0; i < db.length; i++) {
            callback(db[i][0], db[i][1]);
        }
        return true;
    }
}

示例:

var a = new HashMap("string", "number");
a.add('test', 1132)
 .add('test14', 666)
 .add('1421test14', 12312666)
 .iterate(function (key, value) {console.log('a['+key+']='+value)});
/*
a[test]=1132
a[test14]=666
a[1421test14]=12312666 
*/
a.randomize();
/*
a[1421test14]=12312666
a[test]=1132
a[test14]=666
*/