Unix shell脚本中的日期算术

时间:2008-08-08 23:24:03

标签: unix shell date math scripting

我需要在Unix shell脚本中进行日期算术,我用它来控制第三方程序的执行。

我正在使用一个函数来增加一天而另一个减少:

IncrementaDia(){
echo $1 | awk '
BEGIN {
        diasDelMes[1] = 31
        diasDelMes[2] = 28
        diasDelMes[3] = 31
        diasDelMes[4] = 30
        diasDelMes[5] = 31
        diasDelMes[6] = 30
        diasDelMes[7] = 31
        diasDelMes[8] = 31
        diasDelMes[9] = 30
        diasDelMes[10] = 31
        diasDelMes[11] = 30
        diasDelMes[12] = 31
}
{
        anio=substr($1,1,4)
        mes=substr($1,5,2)
        dia=substr($1,7,2)

        if((anio % 4 == 0 && anio % 100 != 0) || anio % 400 == 0)
        {
                diasDelMes[2] = 29;
        }

        if( dia == diasDelMes[int(mes)] ) {
                if( int(mes) == 12 ) {
                        anio = anio + 1
                        mes = 1
                        dia = 1
                } else {
                        mes = mes + 1
                        dia = 1
                }
        } else {
                dia = dia + 1
        }
}
END {
        printf("%04d%02d%02d", anio, mes, dia)
}
'
}

if [ $# -eq 1 ]; then
        tomorrow=$1
else
        today=$(date +"%Y%m%d")
        tomorrow=$(IncrementaDia $hoy)
fi

但现在我需要做更复杂的算术。

这是最好和更兼容的方法吗?

14 个答案:

答案 0 :(得分:69)

假设你有GNU date,就像这样:

date --date='1 days ago' '+%a'

similar phrases

答案 1 :(得分:17)

这是在shell脚本中进行日期计算的简便方法。

meetingDate='12/31/2011' # MM/DD/YYYY Format
reminderDate=`date --date=$meetingDate'-1 day' +'%m/%d/%Y'`
echo $reminderDate

以下是使用date实用程序可以实现的日期计算的更多变体。 http://www.cyberciti.biz/tips/linux-unix-get-yesterdays-tomorrows-date.html http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/linux-unix-formatting-dates-for-display/

这对RHEL来说很有用。

答案 2 :(得分:15)

我编写了一个bash脚本,用于将用英语表示的日期转换为常规日期 mm / dd / yyyy日期。它被称为 ComputeDate

以下是其使用的一些示例。为简洁起见,我已经放置了每个调用的输出 在与调用相同的行上,由冒号(:)分隔。运行 ComputeDate 时,下面显示的引号

$ ComputeDate 'yesterday': 03/19/2010
$ ComputeDate 'yes': 03/19/2010
$ ComputeDate 'today': 03/20/2010
$ ComputeDate 'tod': 03/20/2010
$ ComputeDate 'now': 03/20/2010
$ ComputeDate 'tomorrow': 03/21/2010
$ ComputeDate 'tom': 03/21/2010
$ ComputeDate '10/29/32': 10/29/2032
$ ComputeDate 'October 29': 10/1/2029
$ ComputeDate 'October 29, 2010': 10/29/2010
$ ComputeDate 'this monday': 'this monday' has passed.  Did you mean 'next monday?'
$ ComputeDate 'a week after today': 03/27/2010
$ ComputeDate 'this satu': 03/20/2010
$ ComputeDate 'next monday': 03/22/2010
$ ComputeDate 'next thur': 03/25/2010
$ ComputeDate 'mon in 2 weeks': 03/28/2010
$ ComputeDate 'the last day of the month': 03/31/2010
$ ComputeDate 'the last day of feb': 2/28/2010
$ ComputeDate 'the last day of feb 2000': 2/29/2000
$ ComputeDate '1 week from yesterday': 03/26/2010
$ ComputeDate '1 week from today': 03/27/2010
$ ComputeDate '1 week from tomorrow': 03/28/2010
$ ComputeDate '2 weeks from yesterday': 4/2/2010
$ ComputeDate '2 weeks from today': 4/3/2010
$ ComputeDate '2 weeks from tomorrow': 4/4/2010
$ ComputeDate '1 week after the last day of march': 4/7/2010
$ ComputeDate '1 week after next Thursday': 4/1/2010
$ ComputeDate '2 weeks after the last day of march': 4/14/2010
$ ComputeDate '2 weeks after 1 day after the last day of march': 4/15/2010
$ ComputeDate '1 day after the last day of march': 4/1/2010
$ ComputeDate '1 day after 1 day after 1 day after 1 day after today': 03/24/2010

我已将此脚本作为此问题的答案包含在内,因为它说明了如何操作 通过一组bash函数进行日期算术,这些函数可能有用 为他人。它正确处理闰年和闰年:

#! /bin/bash
#  ConvertDate -- convert a human-readable date to a MM/DD/YY date
#
#  Date ::= Month/Day/Year
#        |  Month/Day
#        |  DayOfWeek
#        |  [this|next] DayOfWeek
#        |  DayofWeek [of|in] [Number|next] weeks[s]
#        |  Number [day|week][s] from Date
#        |  the last day of the month
#        |  the last day of Month
#
#  Month ::= January | February | March | April | May | ...  | December
#  January  ::= jan | january | 1
#  February  ::= feb | january | 2
#  ...
#  December ::=  dec | december | 12
#  Day   ::= 1 | 2 | ... | 31
#  DayOfWeek ::= today | Sunday | Monday | Tuesday | ...  | Saturday
#  Sunday    ::= sun*
#  ...
#  Saturday  ::= sat*
#
#  Number ::= Day | a
#
#  Author: Larry Morell

if [ $# = 0 ]; then
   printdirections $0
   exit
fi



# Request the value of a variable
GetVar () {
   Var=$1
   echo -n "$Var= [${!Var}]: "
   local X
   read X
   if [ ! -z $X ]; then
      eval $Var="$X"
   fi
}

IsLeapYear () {
   local Year=$1
   if [ $[20$Year % 4]  -eq  0 ]; then
      echo yes
   else
      echo no
   fi
}

# AddToDate -- compute another date within the same year

DayNames=(mon tue wed thu fri sat sun )  # To correspond with 'date' output

Day2Int () {
   ErrorFlag=
   case $1 in
      -e )
         ErrorFlag=-e; shift
         ;;
   esac
   local dow=$1
   n=0
   while  [ $n -lt 7 -a $dow != "${DayNames[n]}" ]; do
      let n++
   done
   if [ -z "$ErrorFlag" -a $n -eq 7 ]; then
      echo Cannot convert $dow to a numeric day of wee
      exit
   fi
   echo $[n+1]

}

Months=(31 28 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31)
MonthNames=(jan feb mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec)
# Returns the month (1-12) from a date, or a month name
Month2Int () {
   ErrorFlag=
   case $1 in
      -e )
         ErrorFlag=-e; shift
         ;;
   esac
   M=$1
   Month=${M%%/*}  # Remove /...
   case $Month in
      [a-z]* )
         Month=${Month:0:3}
         M=0
         while [ $M -lt 12 -a ${MonthNames[M]} != $Month ]; do
            let M++
         done
         let M++
   esac
   if [  -z "$ErrorFlag" -a $M -gt 12 ]; then
      echo "'$Month' Is not a valid month."
      exit
   fi
   echo $M
}

# Retrieve month,day,year from a legal date
GetMonth() {
   echo ${1%%/*}
}

GetDay() {
   echo $1 | col / 2
}

GetYear() {
   echo ${1##*/}
}


AddToDate() {

   local Date=$1
   local days=$2
   local Month=`GetMonth $Date`
   local Day=`echo $Date | col / 2`   # Day of Date
   local Year=`echo $Date | col / 3`  # Year of Date
   local LeapYear=`IsLeapYear $Year`

   if [ $LeapYear = "yes" ]; then
      let Months[1]++
   fi
   Day=$[Day+days]
   while [ $Day -gt ${Months[$Month-1]} ]; do
       Day=$[Day -  ${Months[$Month-1]}]
       let Month++
   done
   echo "$Month/$Day/$Year"
}

# Convert a date to normal form
NormalizeDate () {
   Date=`echo "$*" | sed 'sX  *X/Xg'`
   local Day=`date +%d`
   local Month=`date +%m`
   local Year=`date +%Y`
   #echo Normalizing Date=$Date > /dev/tty
   case $Date in
      */*/* )
         Month=`echo $Date | col / 1 `
         Month=`Month2Int $Month`
         Day=`echo $Date | col / 2`
         Year=`echo $Date | col / 3`
         ;;
      */* )
         Month=`echo $Date | col / 1 `
         Month=`Month2Int $Month`
         Day=1
         Year=`echo $Date | col / 2 `
         ;;
      [a-z]* ) # Better be a month or day of week
         Exp=${Date:0:3}
         case $Exp in
            jan|feb|mar|apr|may|june|jul|aug|sep|oct|nov|dec )
               Month=$Exp
               Month=`Month2Int $Month`
               Day=1
               #Year stays the same
               ;;
            mon|tue|wed|thu|fri|sat|sun )
               # Compute the next such day
               local DayOfWeek=`date +%u`
               D=`Day2Int $Exp`
               if [ $DayOfWeek -le $D ]; then
                  Date=`AddToDate $Month/$Day/$Year $[D-DayOfWeek]`
               else
                  Date=`AddToDate $Month/$Day/$Year $[7+D-DayOfWeek]`
               fi

               # Reset Month/Day/Year
               Month=`echo $Date | col / 1 `
               Day=`echo $Date | col / 2`
               Year=`echo $Date | col / 3`
               ;;
            * ) echo "$Exp is not a valid month or day"
                exit
               ;;
            esac
         ;;
      * ) echo "$Date is not a valid date"
          exit
         ;;
   esac
   case $Day in
      [0-9]* );;  # Day must be numeric
      * ) echo "$Date is not a valid date"
          exit
         ;;
   esac
      [0-9][0-9][0-9][0-9] );;  # Year must be 4 digits
      [0-9][0-9] )
          Year=20$Year
      ;;
   esac
   Date=$Month/$Day/$Year
   echo $Date
}
# NormalizeDate jan
# NormalizeDate january
# NormalizeDate jan 2009
# NormalizeDate jan 22 1983
# NormalizeDate 1/22
# NormalizeDate 1 22
# NormalizeDate sat
# NormalizeDate sun
# NormalizeDate mon

ComputeExtension () {

   local Date=$1; shift
   local Month=`GetMonth $Date`
   local Day=`echo $Date | col / 2`
   local Year=`echo $Date | col / 3`
   local ExtensionExp="$*"
   case $ExtensionExp in
      *w*d* )  # like 5 weeks 3 days or even 5w2d
            ExtensionExp=`echo $ExtensionExp | sed 's/[a-z]/ /g'`
            weeks=`echo $ExtensionExp | col  1`
            days=`echo $ExtensionExp | col 2`
            days=$[7*weeks+days]
            Due=`AddToDate $Month/$Day/$Year $days`
      ;;
      *d )    # Like 5 days or 5d
            ExtensionExp=`echo $ExtensionExp | sed 's/[a-z]/ /g'`
            days=$ExtensionExp
            Due=`AddToDate $Month/$Day/$Year $days`
      ;;
      * )
            Due=$ExtensionExp
      ;;
   esac
   echo $Due

}


# Pop -- remove the first element from an array and shift left
Pop () {
   Var=$1
   eval "unset $Var[0]"
   eval "$Var=(\${$Var[*]})"
}

ComputeDate () {
   local Date=`NormalizeDate $1`; shift
   local Expression=`echo $* | sed 's/^ *a /1 /;s/,/ /' | tr A-Z a-z `
   local Exp=(`echo $Expression `)
   local Token=$Exp  # first one
   local Ans=
   #echo "Computing date for ${Exp[*]}" > /dev/tty
   case $Token in
      */* ) # Regular date
         M=`GetMonth $Token`
         D=`GetDay $Token`
         Y=`GetYear $Token`
         if [ -z "$Y" ]; then
            Y=$Year
         elif [ ${#Y} -eq 2 ]; then
            Y=20$Y
         fi
         Ans="$M/$D/$Y"
         ;;
      yes* )
         Ans=`AddToDate $Date -1`
         ;;
      tod*|now )
         Ans=$Date
         ;;
      tom* )
         Ans=`AddToDate $Date 1`
         ;;
      the )
         case $Expression in
            *day*after* )  #the day after Date
               Pop Exp;   # Skip the
               Pop Exp;   # Skip day
               Pop Exp;   # Skip after
               #echo Calling ComputeDate $Date ${Exp[*]} > /dev/tty
               Date=`ComputeDate $Date ${Exp[*]}` #Recursive call
               #echo "New date is " $Date > /dev/tty
               Ans=`AddToDate $Date 1`
               ;;
            *last*day*of*th*month|*end*of*th*month )
               M=`date +%m`
               Day=${Months[M-1]}
               if [ $M -eq 2 -a `IsLeapYear $Year` = yes ]; then
                  let Day++
               fi
               Ans=$Month/$Day/$Year
               ;;
            *last*day*of* )
               D=${Expression##*of }
               D=`NormalizeDate $D`
               M=`GetMonth $D`
               Y=`GetYear $D`
               # echo M is $M > /dev/tty
               Day=${Months[M-1]}
               if [ $M -eq 2 -a `IsLeapYear $Y` = yes ]; then
                  let Day++
               fi
               Ans=$[M]/$Day/$Y
               ;;
            * )
               echo "Unknown expression: " $Expression
               exit
               ;;
         esac
         ;;
      next* ) # next DayOfWeek
         Pop Exp
         dow=`Day2Int $DayOfWeek` # First 3 chars
         tdow=`Day2Int ${Exp:0:3}` # First 3 chars
         n=$[7-dow+tdow]
         Ans=`AddToDate $Date $n`
         ;;
      this* )
         Pop Exp
         dow=`Day2Int $DayOfWeek`
         tdow=`Day2Int ${Exp:0:3}` # First 3 chars
         if [ $dow -gt $tdow ]; then
            echo "'this $Exp' has passed.  Did you mean 'next $Exp?'"
            exit
         fi
         n=$[tdow-dow]
         Ans=`AddToDate $Date $n`
         ;;
      [a-z]* ) # DayOfWeek ...

         M=${Exp:0:3}
         case $M in
            jan|feb|mar|apr|may|june|jul|aug|sep|oct|nov|dec )
               ND=`NormalizeDate ${Exp[*]}`
               Ans=$ND
               ;;
            mon|tue|wed|thu|fri|sat|sun )
               dow=`Day2Int $DayOfWeek`
               Ans=`NormalizeDate $Exp`

               if [ ${#Exp[*]} -gt 1 ]; then # Just a DayOfWeek
                  #tdow=`GetDay $Exp` # First 3 chars
                  #if [ $dow -gt $tdow ]; then
                     #echo "'this $Exp' has passed.  Did you mean 'next $Exp'?"
                     #exit
                  #fi
                  #n=$[tdow-dow]
               #else  # DayOfWeek in a future week
                  Pop Exp  # toss monday
                  Pop Exp  # toss in/off
                  if [ $Exp = next ]; then
                     Exp=2
                  fi
                  n=$[7*(Exp-1)]   # number of weeks
                  n=$[n+7-dow+tdow]
                  Ans=`AddToDate $Date $n`
               fi
               ;;
         esac
         ;;
      [0-9]* ) # Number  weeks [from|after] Date
         n=$Exp
         Pop Exp;
         case $Exp in
            w* ) let n=7*n;;
         esac

         Pop Exp; Pop Exp
         #echo Calling ComputeDate $Date ${Exp[*]} > /dev/tty
         Date=`ComputeDate $Date ${Exp[*]}` #Recursive call
         #echo "New date is " $Date > /dev/tty
         Ans=`AddToDate $Date $n`
         ;;
   esac
   echo $Ans
}

Year=`date +%Y`
Month=`date +%m`
Day=`date +%d`
DayOfWeek=`date +%a |tr A-Z a-z`

Date="$Month/$Day/$Year"
ComputeDate $Date $*

此脚本广泛使用我编写的另一个脚本(称为 col ...对使用Linux提供的标准 col 的用户表示道歉)。这个版本 col 简化了从标准输入中提取列的过程。因此,

$ echo a b c d e | col 5 3 2

打印

e c b

这是 col 脚本:

#!/bin/sh
# col -- extract columns from a file
# Usage:
#    col [-r] [c] col-1 col-2 ...
#   where [c] if supplied defines the field separator
#   where each col-i represents a column interpreted according to  the presence of -r as follows:
#        -r present : counting starts from the right end of the line
#        -r absent  : counting starts from the left side of the line
Separator=" "
Reverse=false
case "$1" in
 -r )  Reverse=true; shift;
 ;;
 [0-9]* )
 ;;
 * )Separator="$1"; shift;
 ;;
esac

case "$1" in
 -r )  Reverse=true; shift;
 ;;
 [0-9]* )
 ;;
 * )Separator="$1"; shift;
 ;;
esac

#  Replace each col-i with $i
Cols=""
for  f in $*
do
  if [ $Reverse = true ]; then
     Cols="$Cols \$(NF-$f+1),"
  else
     Cols="$Cols \$$f,"
  fi

done

Cols=`echo "$Cols" | sed 's/,$//'`
#echo "Using column specifications of $Cols"
awk -F "$Separator"  "{print $Cols}"

它还使用 printdirections 在不正确地调用脚本时打印出路线:

#!/bin/sh
#
#  printdirections -- print header lines of a shell script
#
#  Usage:
#      printdirections path
#  where
#      path is a *full* path to the shell script in question
#      beginning with '/'
#
#  To use printdirections, you must include (as comments at the top
#  of your shell script) documentation for running the shell script.

if [ $# -eq 0 -o "$*" = "-h" ]; then
   printdirections $0
   exit
fi
#  Delete the command invocation at the top of the file, if any
#  Delete from the place where printdirections occurs to the end of the file
#  Remove the # comments
#  There is a bizarre oddity here.
   sed '/#!/d;/.*printdirections/,$d;/ *#/!d;s/# //;s/#//' $1 > /tmp/printdirections.$$

#  Count the number of lines
numlines=`wc -l /tmp/printdirections.$$ | awk '{print $1}'`

#  Remove the last   line
numlines=`expr $numlines - 1`


head -n $numlines /tmp/printdirections.$$
rm /tmp/printdirections.$$

要分别使用文件 ComputeDate col printdirections 中的三个脚本。将文件放在PATH命名的目录中,通常为〜/ bin。然后使用以下命令使它们可执行:

$ chmod a+x ComputeDate col printdirections

有问题吗?发给我一些电子邮件:morell AT cs.atu.edu在主题中放置 ComputeDate

答案 3 :(得分:7)

对于BSD / OS X兼容性,您还可以使用带有-j-v的日期实用程序来进行日期数学运算。请参阅FreeBSD manpage for date。您可以将以前的Linux答案与此答案结合起来,这可能会为您提供足够的兼容性。

在BSD上,作为Linux,运行date将为您提供当前日期:

$ date
Wed 12 Nov 2014 13:36:00 AEDT

现在有了BSD的约会,您可以使用-v进行数学运算,例如列出明天的日期(+1d 加上一天):

$ date -v +1d
Thu 13 Nov 2014 13:36:34 AEDT

您可以使用现有日期作为基础,并可选择使用strftime指定解析格式,并确保使用-j,这样您就不会更改系统日期:

$ date -j -f "%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y %z" "Sat Aug 09 13:37:14 2014 +1100"
Sat  9 Aug 2014 12:37:14 AEST

您可以将此作为日期计算的基础:

$ date -v +1d -f "%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y %z" "Sat Aug 09 13:37:14 2014 +1100"
Sun 10 Aug 2014 12:37:14 AEST

请注意,-v隐含-j

可以按顺序提供多项调整:

$ date -v +1m -v -1w
Fri  5 Dec 2014 13:40:07 AEDT

有关详细信息,请参阅联机帮助页。

答案 4 :(得分:6)

要在UNIX上对日期进行算术运算,请将日期作为自UNIX纪元以来的秒数,进行一些计算,然后转换回可打印的日期格式。 date命令应该能够为您提供自纪元以来的秒数,并从该数字转换回可打印日期。我的本地日期命令执行此操作,

% date -n
1219371462
% date 1219371462
Thu Aug 21 22:17:42 EDT 2008
% 

请参阅您当地的date(1)手册页。 要增加一天,请添加86400秒。

答案 5 :(得分:4)

date --date='1 days ago' '+%a'

这不是一个非常兼容的解决方案。它只适用于Linux。至少,它在Aix和Solaris中没有用。

适用于RHEL:

date --date='1 days ago' '+%Y%m%d'
20080807

答案 6 :(得分:4)

为什么不使用像perl或python这样的语言来编写脚本呢?这更自然地支持复杂的日期处理?当然你可以在bash中完成所有操作,但我认为你也可以使用python在平台之间获得更多的一致性,只要你能确保安装了perl或python。

我应该补充说,将python和perl脚本连接到包含的shell脚本中非常容易。

答案 7 :(得分:4)

我已经碰到过几次了。我的想法是:

  1. 日期算术总是很痛苦
  2. 使用EPOCH日期格式
  3. 时要容易一些 Linux上的
  4. 日期转换为EPOCH,但不转换为Solaris
  5. 对于便携式解决方案,您需要执行以下操作之一:
    1. 在solaris上安装gnu日期(已经 提到,需要人的互动 完成)
    2. 将perl用于日期部分(大多数 unix安装包括 perl,所以我通常会假设 这个动作 需要额外的工作)。
  6. 示例脚本(检查某些用户文件的年龄以查看是否可以删除该帐户):

    #!/usr/local/bin/perl
    
    $today = time();
    
    $user = $ARGV[0];
    
    $command="awk -F: '/$user/ {print \$6}' /etc/passwd";
    
    chomp ($user_dir = `$command`);
    
    if ( -f "$user_dir/.sh_history" ) {
        @file_dates   = stat("$user_dir/.sh_history");
        $sh_file_date = $file_dates[8];
    } else {
        $sh_file_date = 0;
    }
    if ( -f "$user_dir/.bash_history" ) {
        @file_dates     = stat("$user_dir/.bash_history");
        $bash_file_date = $file_dates[8];
    } else {
        $bash_file_date = 0;
    }
    if ( $sh_file_date > $bash_file_date ) {
        $file_date = $sh_file_date;
    } else {
        $file_date = $bash_file_date;
    }
    $difference = $today - $file_date;
    
    if ( $difference >= 3888000 ) {
        print "User needs to be disabled, 45 days old or older!\n";
        exit (1);
    } else {
        print "OK\n";
        exit (0);
    }
    

答案 8 :(得分:3)

进一步研究,我认为你可以简单地使用日期。 我在OpenBSD上尝试了以下内容:我采用了2008年2月29日的日期和随机时间(以080229301535的形式),并在当天的部分添加了+1,如下所示:

$ date -j 0802301535
Sat Mar  1 15:35:00 EST 2008

如您所见,日期正确格式化了时间......

HTH

答案 9 :(得分:3)

如果你想继续使用awk,那么mktime和strftime函数很有用:


BEGIN { dateinit }
      { newdate=daysadd(OldDate,DaysToAdd)}

 # daynum: convert DD-MON-YYYY to day count
 #-----------------------------------------
function daynum(date,  d,m,y,i,n)
{
     y=substr(date,8,4)
     m=gmonths[toupper(substr(date,4,3))]
     d=substr(date,1,2)
     return mktime(y" "m" "d" 12 00 00")
}

 #numday: convert day count to DD-MON-YYYY
 #-------------------------------------------
function numday(n,  y,m,d)
{
    m=toupper(substr(strftime("%B",n),1,3))
    return strftime("%d-"m"-%Y",n)
}

 # daysadd: add (or subtract) days from date (DD-MON-YYYY), return new date (DD-MON-YYYY)
 #------------------------------------------
function daysadd(date, days)
{
    return numday(daynum(date)+(days*86400))
}

 #init variables for date calcs
 #-----------------------------------------
function dateinit(   x,y,z)
{
     # Stuff for date calcs
     split("JAN:1,FEB:2,MAR:3,APR:4,MAY:5,JUN:6,JUL:7,AUG:8,SEP:9,OCT:10,NOV:11,DEC:12", z)
     for (x in z)
     {
        split(z[x],y,":")
        gmonths[y[1]]=y[2]
     }
}

答案 10 :(得分:3)

Chris F.A. Johnson的书“Shell Script Recipes:A Problem Solution Approach”(ISBN:978-1-59059-471-1)有一个日期函数库,可能会有所帮助。源代码在http://apress.com/book/downloadfile/2146处可用(日期函数位于tar文件中的第08章/ data-funcs-sh中)。

答案 11 :(得分:0)

如果GNU版本的日期适合您,为什么不抓取源代码并在AIX和Solaris上编译它?

http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/

在任何情况下,如果您要编写自己的代码,源代码应该帮助您更正日期算术。

顺便说一句,评论说“这个解决方案很好,但你肯定可以注意到它不是那么好。似乎没有人想到在构建Unix时修改日期。”真的没有把我们带到任何地方。到目前为止,我发现每个建议都非常有用且符合目标。

答案 12 :(得分:0)

以下是我的两个便士 - 一个使用dategrep的脚本包装。

示例用法

> sh ./datecalc.sh "2012-08-04 19:43:00" + 1s
2012-08-04 19:43:00 + 0d0h0m1s
2012-08-04 19:43:01

> sh ./datecalc.sh "2012-08-04 19:43:00" - 1s1m1h1d
2012-08-04 19:43:00 - 1d1h1m1s
2012-08-03 18:41:59

> sh ./datecalc.sh "2012-08-04 19:43:00" - 1d2d1h2h1m2m1s2sblahblah
2012-08-04 19:43:00 - 1d1h1m1s
2012-08-03 18:41:59

> sh ./datecalc.sh "2012-08-04 19:43:00" x 1d
Bad operator :-(

> sh ./datecalc.sh "2012-08-04 19:43:00"
Missing arguments :-(

> sh ./datecalc.sh gibberish + 1h
date: invalid date `gibberish'
Invalid date :-(

脚本

#!/bin/sh

# Usage:
#
# datecalc "<date>" <operator> <period>
#
# <date> ::= see "man date", section "DATE STRING"
# <operator> ::= + | -
# <period> ::= INTEGER<unit> | INTEGER<unit><period>
# <unit> ::= s | m | h | d

if [ $# -lt 3 ]; then
echo "Missing arguments :-("
exit; fi

date=`eval "date -d \"$1\" +%s"`
if [ -z $date ]; then
echo "Invalid date :-("
exit; fi

if ! ([ $2 == "-" ] || [ $2 == "+" ]); then
echo "Bad operator :-("
exit; fi
op=$2

minute=$[60]
hour=$[$minute*$minute]
day=$[24*$hour]

s=`echo $3 | grep -oe '[0-9]*s' | grep -m 1 -oe '[0-9]*'`
m=`echo $3 | grep -oe '[0-9]*m' | grep -m 1 -oe '[0-9]*'`
h=`echo $3 | grep -oe '[0-9]*h' | grep -m 1 -oe '[0-9]*'`
d=`echo $3 | grep -oe '[0-9]*d' | grep -m 1 -oe '[0-9]*'`
if [ -z $s ]; then s=0; fi
if [ -z $m ]; then m=0; fi
if [ -z $h ]; then h=0; fi
if [ -z $d ]; then d=0; fi

ms=$[$m*$minute]
hs=$[$h*$hour]
ds=$[$d*$day]

sum=$[$s+$ms+$hs+$ds]
out=$[$date$op$sum]
formattedout=`eval "date -d @$out +\"%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S\""`

echo $1 $2 $d"d"$h"h"$m"m"$s"s"
echo $formattedout

答案 13 :(得分:-1)

这对我有用:

TZ=GMT+6;
export TZ
mes=`date --date='2 days ago' '+%m'`
dia=`date --date='2 days ago' '+%d'`
anio=`date --date='2 days ago' '+%Y'`
hora=`date --date='2 days ago' '+%H'`