### 如何计算字符串的CRC32

#### 3 个答案:

``````Crc32 crc32 = new Crc32();
String hash = String.Empty;

using (FileStream fs = File.Open("c:\\myfile.txt", FileMode.Open))
foreach (byte b in crc32.ComputeHash(fs)) hash += b.ToString("x2").ToLower();

Console.WriteLine("CRC-32 is {0}", hash);
``````

``````/// <summary>
/// Performs 32-bit reversed cyclic redundancy checks.
/// </summary>
public class Crc32
{
#region Constants
/// <summary>
/// Generator polynomial (modulo 2) for the reversed CRC32 algorithm.
/// </summary>
private const UInt32 s_generator = 0xEDB88320;
#endregion

#region Constructors
/// <summary>
/// Creates a new instance of the Crc32 class.
/// </summary>
public Crc32()
{
// Constructs the checksum lookup table. Used to optimize the checksum.
m_checksumTable = Enumerable.Range(0, 256).Select(i =>
{
var tableEntry = (uint)i;
for (var j = 0; j < 8; ++j)
{
tableEntry = ((tableEntry & 1) != 0)
? (s_generator ^ (tableEntry >> 1))
: (tableEntry >> 1);
}
return tableEntry;
}).ToArray();
}
#endregion

#region Methods
/// <summary>
/// Calculates the checksum of the byte stream.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="byteStream">The byte stream to calculate the checksum for.</param>
/// <returns>A 32-bit reversed checksum.</returns>
public UInt32 Get<T>(IEnumerable<T> byteStream)
{
try
{
// Initialize checksumRegister to 0xFFFFFFFF and calculate the checksum.
return ~byteStream.Aggregate(0xFFFFFFFF, (checksumRegister, currentByte) =>
(m_checksumTable[(checksumRegister & 0xFF) ^ Convert.ToByte(currentByte)] ^ (checksumRegister >> 8)));
}
catch (FormatException e)
{
throw new CrcException("Could not read the stream out as bytes.", e);
}
catch (InvalidCastException e)
{
throw new CrcException("Could not read the stream out as bytes.", e);
}
catch (OverflowException e)
{
throw new CrcException("Could not read the stream out as bytes.", e);
}
}
#endregion

#region Fields
/// <summary>
/// Contains a cache of calculated checksum chunks.
/// </summary>

#endregion
}
``````

``````var arrayOfBytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog");

var crc32 = new Crc32();
Console.WriteLine(crc32.Get(arrayOfBytes).ToString("X"));
``````

``````public class CRC32
{
private readonly uint Polynomial = 0xEDB88320;

public CRC32()
{
ChecksumTable = new uint[0x100];

for (uint index = 0; index < 0x100; ++index)
{
uint item = index;
for (int bit = 0; bit < 8; ++bit)
item = ((item & 1) != 0) ? (Polynomial ^ (item >> 1)) : (item >> 1);
ChecksumTable[index] = item;
}
}

public byte[] ComputeHash(Stream stream)
{
uint result = 0xFFFFFFFF;

int current;
while ((current = stream.ReadByte()) != -1)
result = ChecksumTable[(result & 0xFF) ^ (byte)current] ^ (result >> 8);

byte[] hash = BitConverter.GetBytes(~result);
Array.Reverse(hash);
return hash;
}

public byte[] ComputeHash(byte[] data)
{
using (MemoryStream stream = new MemoryStream(data))
return ComputeHash(stream);
}
}
``````