计算sql查询中的持续时间总和

时间:2009-05-21 08:03:35

标签: sql oracle

我有一个表有两列开始时间和结束时间。我能够计算每一行的持续时间,但我也希望得到总持续时间。怎么做。

由于

4 个答案:

答案 0 :(得分:19)

您的列的数据类型为TIMESTAMP,如下所示:

SQL> create table mytable (start_time,end_time)
  2  as
  3  select to_timestamp('2009-05-01 12:34:56','yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss')
  4       , to_timestamp('2009-05-01 23:45:01','yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss')
  5    from dual
  6   union all
  7  select to_timestamp('2009-05-01 23:45:01','yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss')
  8       , to_timestamp('2009-05-02 01:23:45','yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss')
  9    from dual
 10   union all
 11  select to_timestamp('2009-05-01 07:00:00','yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss')
 12       , to_timestamp('2009-05-01 08:00:00','yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss')
 13    from dual
 14  /

Tabel is aangemaakt.

从另一个时间戳中减去一个时间戳会导致INTERVAL数据类型:

SQL> select start_time
  2       , end_time
  3       , end_time - start_time time_difference
  4    from mytable
  5  /

START_TIME                     END_TIME                       TIME_DIFFERENCE
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
01-05-09 12:34:56,000000000    01-05-09 23:45:01,000000000    +000000000 11:10:05.000000000
01-05-09 23:45:01,000000000    02-05-09 01:23:45,000000000    +000000000 01:38:44.000000000
01-05-09 07:00:00,000000000    01-05-09 08:00:00,000000000    +000000000 01:00:00.000000000

3 rijen zijn geselecteerd.

INTERVAL数据类型无法求和。这是一个恼人的限制:

SQL> select sum(end_time - start_time)
  2    from mytable
  3  /
select sum(end_time - start_time)
                    *
FOUT in regel 1:
.ORA-00932: inconsistente gegevenstypen: NUMBER verwacht, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND gekregen

要绕过此限制,您可以使用秒数进行转换和计算,如下所示:

SQL> select start_time
  2       , end_time
  3       , trunc(end_time) - trunc(start_time) days_difference
  4       , to_number(to_char(end_time,'sssss')) - to_number(to_char(start_time,'sssss')) seconds_difference
  5    from mytable
  6  /

START_TIME                     END_TIME                       DAYS_DIFFERENCE SECONDS_DIFFERENCE
------------------------------ ------------------------------ --------------- ------------------
01-05-09 12:34:56,000000000    01-05-09 23:45:01,000000000                  0              40205
01-05-09 23:45:01,000000000    02-05-09 01:23:45,000000000                  1             -80476
01-05-09 07:00:00,000000000    01-05-09 08:00:00,000000000                  0               3600

3 rijen zijn geselecteerd.

然后它们是可以求和的正常NUMBER

SQL> select sum
  2         (  86400 * (trunc(end_time) - trunc(start_time))
  3          + to_number(to_char(end_time,'sssss')) - to_number(to_char(start_time,'sssss'))
  4         ) total_time_difference
  5    from mytable
  6  /

TOTAL_TIME_DIFFERENCE
---------------------
                49729

1 rij is geselecteerd.

如果您愿意,可以将此号码转换回INTERVAL:

SQL> select numtodsinterval
  2         ( sum
  3           (  86400 * (trunc(end_time) - trunc(start_time))
  4            + to_number(to_char(end_time,'sssss')) - to_number(to_char(start_time,'sssss'))
  5           )
  6         , 'second'
  7         ) time_difference
  8    from mytable
  9  /

TIME_DIFFERENCE
------------------------------
+000000000 13:48:49.000000000

1 rij is geselecteerd.

此致 罗布。

答案 1 :(得分:2)

这种方法对于Oracle很简单,但有点像黑客:

select sum((end_timestamp+0) - (start_timestamp+0)) 
from your_table

结果是一个天数(小时,分钟的小数部分,你知道)。

我不知道时间戳+ 0到底是做什么的;也许ANSI时间戳转换为Oracle的早期时间戳类型,允许简单算术。

答案 2 :(得分:2)

编辑:根据Rob van Wijk的出色回复,在求和之前添加了trunc()。

要查找每行的持续时间:

select 
    end_date-start_date as DurationDays, 
    (end_date-start_date)*24 as DurationHours, 
    (end_date-start_date)*24*60 as DurationMinutes, 
    (end_date-start_date)*24*60*60 as DurationSeconds
from your_table

要查找总持续时间:

select 
    sum(trunc(end_date-start_date)) as TotalDurationDays
from your_table

在一个查询中同时执行这两项操作:

select 
    end_date-start_date as DurationDays, 
    (select sum(trunc(end_date-start_date)) from your_table) as TotalDurationDays
from your_table

答案 3 :(得分:1)

您可以使用此查询(至少可以在Oracle DB上运行):

select sum(end_date - start_date) from your_table